A famous person once said, “take care of your knees, you’ll need them a long time.”
I have no idea who that person is, but either way they are wise.
Knees are one of the most important parts of your body. They allow us to walk and run, and are therefore the most crucial joint when it comes to sport.
When you think about it, every day we are putting an enormous amount of weight and stress on our knees, and they cop a fair beating in a lifetime.
One of the most common injuries to the knee is cartilage damage, often referred to as a meniscus tear.
The meniscus is the cushion that provides your knee with support when both leg bones put pressure on each other.
There are two in each knee, one on the inside, and one on the outside.
The meniscus is crucial to the health of your knee as there is constantly uneven weight and pressure being applied to it.
Every now and then when a human twists vigorously, lands awkwardly or even just changing direction while running.
The most common way of causing a tear is when twisting the knee when it is bent.
The main symptoms of a tear include swelling and pain in the affected area.
In a more sever case there may be knee locking or the inability to totally straighten your leg. This is usually a case of torn cartilage impinging the joint mechanism.
There are many ways to be diagnosed with a meniscus tear, including physical examination of the area, but the most effective way is through an MRI scan, or X-Ray.
These can both visually show us the tear and allow us to see how severe it is and where exactly it is located.
When it comes to treatment, there are a few different ways to deal with the problem.
For sever cases, arthroscopic surgery will be required to remove the floating cartilage or just to clean it up inside the knee.
However, in many cases, time will allow the knee to recover, swelling to subside and for the pain to go away.
Once this has happened the knee can actually go back to the way it was before and patients may never have knee problems again for the rest of their life.